The crypto market has been battered this year, with nearly $2 trillion wiped off its value since its peak.

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The Department of Justice announced Monday that it seized about $3.36 billion in stolen bitcoin during a previously-unannounced 2021 raid on the residence of James Zhong.

Zhong pleaded guilty on Friday to one count of wire fraud, which carries a maximum sentence of 20 years in prison.

U.S. authorities seized about 50,676 bitcoin from Zhong during a search of his house in Gainesville, Georgia on Nov. 9, 2021, the Department of Justice said, announcing details of the Department’s second largest financial seizure to date. It follows the $3.6 billion in allegedly stolen cryptocurrency linked to the 2016 hack of the cryptocurrency exchange, Bitfinex.

According to authorities, Zhong stole bitcoin from the illegal Silk Road marketplace, a dark web forum on which drugs and other illicit products were bought and sold with cryptocurrency. Silk Road was launched in 2011, but the Federal Bureau of Investigation shut it down in 2013. Its founder, Ross William Ulbricht, is now serving a life sentence in prison.

“For almost ten years, the whereabouts of this massive chunk of missing Bitcoin had ballooned into an over $3.3 billion mystery,” said U.S. Attorney Damian Williams.

According to the Southern District of New York, Zhong took advantage of the marketplaces’ vulnerabilities to execute the hack.

IRS-CI Special Agent in Charge Tyler Hatcher said Zhong used a “sophisticated scheme” to steal the bitcoin from the Silk Road marketplace. According to the press release, in September 2012, Zhong created nine fraudulent accounts on Silk Road, funding each with between 200 and 2,000 bitcoin. He then triggered over 140 transactions in rapid succession, which tricked the marketplace’s withdrawal-processing system to release approximately 50,000 bitcoin into his accounts. Zhong then transferred the bitcoin into a variety of wallet addresses all under his control.

Public records show Zhong was the president and CEO of a self-created company, JZ Capital LLC, which he registered in Georgia in 2014. According to his LinkedIn profile, his work there focused on “investments and venture capital.”

His profile also states he was a “large early bitcoin investor with extensive knowledge of its inner workings,” and that he had software development experience in computer programming languages.

Zhong’s social media profiles include pictures of him on yachts, in front of airplanes, and at high-profile football games.

But these types of hacks didn’t end with the Silk Road’s demise. Crypto platforms continue to be vulnerable to criminals.

In October 2022, Binance, the world’s largest crypto exchange by trading volume, suffered a $570 million hack. The company said a bug in a smart contract enabled hackers to exploit a cross-chain bridge, BSC Token Hub. As a result, the hackers withdrew the platform’s native cryptocurrency, called BNB tokens.

In March 2022, a different hacker found vulnerabilities in the decentralized finance platform, Ronin Network, and made off with more than $600 million – the largest hack to date. The private keys, which serve as a password to protect the cryptocurrency funds in a wallet, were compromised.

According to a Chainalysis report, $1.9 billion worth of cryptocurrency had been stolen in hacks of services through July 2022, compared to just under $1.2 billion at the same point in 2021. 

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